White Paper: Benefits of 10, 25, 50 and 100GigE Cameras for VR, AR and MR Applications

The line between the real and virtual worlds continues to blur thus creating awe-inspiring experiences that not too long ago were only found in works of fiction. Whether through Virtual Reality, Augmented Reality, or Mixed Reality, individuals can break down the wall between reality and the imagination.

For most people, these technologies may still seem like they are too far off into the future to even think about but they have been around for quite a few years already with a deep history and rapid evolution.

Benefits of 10, 25, 50 and 100GigE Cameras

A brief history

Virtual Reality

Recognized as the most well-known of the three technologies, virtual reality (VR) immerses users in a completely virtual environment that is generated by a computer thus completely shutting out the real-world. Using a head-mounted display (HMD) or headset, users can experience a world of images and sounds which tricks the individual into thinking they are part of that world. As VR continues to become more advanced, it even offers the chance to manipulate and move objects with special controllers but all content remains computer generated.

Although VR has exploded in the past five years, it has been a concept for much longer. As early as the 1930s, inventors and writers envisioned simulated environments where one could escape the real world through machines and art.

In the 1950s, multi-sensory simulation was created for users to feel like they were “in” a movie. By the 1960s, head-mounted display devices were created to serve as windows into the virtual world. Some might remember the View-Master which was introduced as early as 1939 which allowed 3-D viewing using “reels” containing seven stereoscopic 3-D pairs of small transparent color film photographs.

Augmented Reality

Although slightly less familiar than virtual reality, augmented reality is something that affects individuals almost daily without them even realizing it. In augmented reality (AR), users see and interact with the real world while digital content is added to it. One of the most recent examples of AR is the game Pokémon GO, where users search for virtual creatures in their real-world environments. This game is continually evolving and is now taking on Mixed Reality characteristics.

Cameras for VR, AR and MR Applications

From the first virtual yellow line marker in live NFL games, puck tracers in NHL hockey, and golf ball tracers on the PGA tour, AR has had a progressive impact over the years. Beginning in the 1960’s and 1970’s, inventors developed systems that would display computer-generated graphics overlaid onto the real world, surrounding users in an interactive environment. While this technology has drastically evolved in the last decade alone, its growth is only expected to continue.

Mixed Reality

Mixed reality is truly that: the merging of real and virtual worlds to produce new environments and visualizations where real and digital objects co-exist and interact in real time. Using an MR headset along with next-generation imaging and sensing technologies, MR provides the ability to interact with a virtual environment while remaining in the real world thus merging the real and the imaginary which offers an experience that can change the way people work and play today. Originally introduced in 1994, MR has moved far beyond just displays, and now includes environmental input, spatial sound, and location. While this technology is still rapidly evolving, it is said that it will revolutionize how people view and interact with the world.

10, 25, 50 and 100GigE Cameras for Mixed Reality

Challenges

VR, AR, and MR, all have similar challenges. Largely, these challenges come down to the generation of 3D content. They can require tight timing synchronization between image captures from multiple camera sources for an optimal experience. They can require excellent image quality under a variety of lighting conditions. Some applications must have images which are high resolution while still maintaining an appropriate frame rate. They can have camera setups which span large areas including stadiums so the simplest options are preferred for system installation and maintenance. They can require many more cameras to complete a system for an optimal experience. Lastly, as in most applications, cost can be an important factor.

Challenges VR, AR, MV

What is the overall benefit of using 10, 25, 50 and 100GigE cameras for my VR/AR/MR application?

  • Ultra high data/frame rates
  • Many accessory and cabling options to cover any length
  • Camera network support and accurate multi-camera synchronization methods including PTP support
  • Multicast video technology
  • Low CPU overhead, low latency, and low jitter
  • Highest camera count per PC performance
  • Very competitive cost/performance
  • Industry acceptance due to IEEE and AIA standardization

Camera recommendations

Emergent Vision Technologies has numerous camera options for your VR/AR/MR application needs but the following have been work-horses for these applications:

HR-12000-S 10GigE Camera
12MP @ 80 fps, SFP+ cabling with transceivers, Sony IMX253 Gen2 Sensor.

HB-12000-SB 25GigE camera
12MP @ 192 fps, SFP28 cabling with transceivers, Sony IMX535 Gen4 Sensor

HB-16000-SB 25GigE camera
16MP @ 145 fps, SFP28 cabling with transceivers, Sony IMX532 Gen4 Sensor

HB-20000-SB 25GigE camera
20MP @ 100 fps, SFP28 cabling with transceivers, Sony IMX531 Gen4 Sensor

HB-25000-SB 25GigE camera
25MP @ 98 fps, SFP28 cabling with transceivers, Sony IMX530 Gen4 Sensor

Camera Recommendations

About Emergent Vision Technologies

Emergent Vision Technologies Inc is a premier supplier of volumetric capture cameras, accessories, and software. Our products have been used in numerous tier 1 companies who have created capture studios and laboratories with as many as 250 cameras in a system.

Our cameras are available in any speed, any resolution, and any cable length and we are the award-winning pioneer of ultra-high-speed Ethernet camera technology utilizing interface speeds of 10GigE, 25GigE, 50GigE, and now 100GigE.

The cameras also employ best in class image quality based on high-speed sensors from Sony and GPixel.

Our accessories include servers, network cards, network switches, raids and more to complete your capture system requirements no matter what size.

Our software simplifies and completes the integration to allow users to be capturing volumetric capture images in no time without the need for software programmers or other system integrators.

Milestones:

  • 2010: First camera company to launch 10GigE camera product
  • 2018: First camera company to launch 25GigE camera product
  • 2018: First camera company to launch 10GigE and 25GigE line scan camera product line.
  • 2020: First camera company to launch 50GigE and 100GigE camera product

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